Spiders seem to have power due to their unique ability to climb onto walls and stick to any surface. A spider seems invincible on any surface from vertical or horizontal walls and even unstable surfaces. While an ant may not stick on a smooth plastic or glass wall, a spider will easily achieve this fit. So, how do spiders stick to walls? You can find all the information here related to this question.
How do spiders stick to walls?
Spiders have different techniques to stick to walls. Their size and weight etc., have a lot of influence on the spider’s technique to stick on walls. Small spiders and large spiders have different techniques due to their body shape and sizes.
Here are the techniques a spider may use to stick on any surface, especially walls-
How do small spiders stick to walls?
Small hairs are called setules for smaller spiders.
Small spiders use the small hairs on their feet for sticking on walls. They have microscopic hairs with triangular tips on their feet. These are called Setules. A small-sized spider can even have nearly half-million setules on its legs. The flexible setules can create a vacuum with their tip. This allows a spider to stick on walls while they are climbing.
Additionally, the setules also create a special force called Van Der Waals Force. It is the force that creates a smaller molecular bond between the spider’s legs and the walls. The setules work as magnets during climbing. These tiny hairs have oppositely charged molecules that create a strong bond of attraction among its tips. The strong force and grip ensure a spider never falls from the walls.
Additionally, these spiders are smaller and have very little body weight. Hence, they have an adhesion force that is more than the gravitational force. Hence, smaller spiders become gravity-defying insects and stick onto the walls without any discomfort.
How do big spiders stick to walls?
Larger spiders use a different technique to stick on the walls. Due to their height, such spiders cannot rely solely on their setules. Instead, they secrete a special kind of adhesive from their legs to stick on the walls. This silky adhesive is powerful and helps the spider to remain on the wall despite its larger size.
Strong legs and surface contact
Spiders have extremely powerful legs. A spider can use only a single leg to hold on to walls. Their legs have certain muscles which can suspend higher amounts of weights without any discomfort. A single spider’s leg can suspend nearly 21 times the weight of the spider. All eight legs can hold more than 150 times the body weight of a spider. That means a spider has its unique physiological ability to stick on walls.
Besides that, a spider’s leg has a unique structure that can require less surface contact. This ensures the spider can stick on walls even if it is smooth.
Each spider has its distinct ability to stick on the walls. For example, a small spider has microscopic hairs called setules which help them in this situation. Additionally, these spiders have stronger legs that are capable of suspending heavier weights. On the other hand, some spiders use adhesives to stick onto the walls.